If ever there was a dog that seemed to be the real-life version of a teddy bear, it is the Pomeranian. They also happen to be one of the most popular of all dog breeds, and with one look at that face, it is clear why they tend to win those puppy popularity contests. But, don’t let that adorably furry face fool you, there is so much more to them than their eye-catching good looks. They are sweet and fiercely protective, not to mention very intelligent, (and maybe a little bit stubborn). Pomeranians are truly fascinating little dogs.
Although Poms these days are typically between 5 and 7 pounds, they were not always so tiny. These teeny tiny dogs actually descended from massive (by comparison) sledding dog breeds! Even as they were bred smaller, earlier Pomeranians weighed around 30 pounds.
Getting them down to the tiny size that they are in present times is likely what has made them so appealing! Even Queen Victoria was a fan, being the first to ever show her prized and beloved Poms. It has been said that she passed away with her favorite breed standing faithfully by her bedside. Keep reading for even more fabulously fascinating facts about this lovely and interesting breed.
14. Very Protective
Possibly thanks at least in part to their wild ancestry, the Pomeranian is highly protective of his family as well as his territory. They might be tiny but they are quite brave and show little fear in any situation (which can sometimes get them into trouble!). They make excellent watchdogs as they are happy to alert, loudly, that something is not quite right. Though, you do need to keep the protectiveness in check as it could result in aggressive tendencies.
13. Little Dog Syndrome
Being the brave little chest puffers that they are, the Pomeranian tends to have what some refer to as ‘little dog syndrome’ or being too big for their britches. These wee guys tend to have little to no fear of well pretty much anything. Despite their small stature, they seem to have no issue picking a fight. Be sure to properly socialize your pomeranian to avoid any possible future veterinary visits. Unfortunately for the Pom, his bark is almost always worse than his bite.
12. Charisma Galore
One of the most beloved attributes of this breed is their outgoing and uber-charismatic personalities. They love to be the center of attention and are usually putting on a show. Being so people-friendly (with those that they know), can also mean that your pom will not like being alone. Many suffer from separation anxiety. This can be combated but it is easier if done early. Be sure to teach him how to be comfortable being left to his own devices.
11. Houdini Had A Pom
Yep, that Houdini, the master of escape, had one of these fluffy pups as his furry best friend (and was apparently considered a child to him). His name was Charlie, a white Pom, and he toured Europe with Harry and his wife Bess. Pomeranians are quite adept at the art of escaping, maybe that is where Mr. Houdini learned it from!
10. Merle Coloring
Although quite rare, merle colored Pomeranians are highly sought after, likely due to how unique and beautiful they are. Merle is more of a color pattern and can come in red, blue, white, and chocolate. Depending on the breeding, merles can be born with vision, and hearing problems, with some coming into the world completely deaf and blind. This is usually due to having two merle parents. White merles are even more susceptible to being born with these handicaps. Research your breeder!
09. Can Be Prone To Certain Medical Issues
Even if they have regular coloring, the breed itself is prone to possibly having health issues. While not the most unhealthy breed, Pomeranians can be predisposed to certain medical conditions, such as:
- Patella Luxation: The kneecaps pop in and out of place. This can cause pain, stiffness, and could require surgery to correct.
- Congestive Heart Failure (CHF): The heart is unable to pump an adequate amount of blood throughout the body. One of the most common symptoms is a dry, hacking cough. It can be treated but has a better chance of survival if detected early.
- Black Skin Disease: Also known as Alopecia X, it causes hair loss and the skin to become dark and leathery in its place.
- Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland is not producing enough of the hormone, thyroxine. This hormone helps control metabolism. Symptoms of hypothyroidism can include, – hair loss, lethargy, weight gain, decreased appetite, skin and coat issues, and increased infections. A simple blood test will diagnose and it can be treated with a relatively inexpensive drug called Levothyroxine.
- Seizure Disorders: In severe cases (not common), hypothyroidism can trigger a seizure disorder.
Good breeders screen their lines to avoid these serious issues from being passed along. You should always ask for proof of a patella evaluation, a cardiac evaluation, and an ophthalmologist exam, and they should not hesitate to provide the documentation. There are no guarantees, of course, but breeders should be actively trying to avoid breeding dogs with genetic problems.
08. Quite The Little Escape Artists
While a Pom has no qualms about sitting pretty in your lap or lounging about on the sofa, they can also be quite mischievous and have been known to be escape artists. If your pet is allowed to be alone in a backyard, be sure that there are no holes in the fencing for him to squeeze through. If at all possible, it is best to not leave your Pom unattended and not just because they can go on a voluntary adventure. Which brings us to our next point.
07. ….So Be Careful Of Large Predatory Animals (Like Birds)
Unfortunately, their diminutive size makes Pomeranians the perfect meal options for large predatory birds and coyotes. Many families have been left heartbroken when their precious pup is snatched away. And it doesn’t help that they like to face danger head-on. Always keep an eye on your pets, especially in areas with wildlife.
06. The First Toy Breed To Win Scent Work Master Title
Bella, an 11-year-old Pom, won the coveted AKC title for Scent Work Master in July of 2019. This beautiful little princess was the first toy breed to win the title! Scent work is an engaging and fun ‘sport’ where dogs use their incredible noses to detect specific scents and then communicate it to their handler. Having only been in scent work for two years, Bella confirms just how special and awesome this breed truly is.
05. One Of The Longest Lifespans In The Canine World
When well cared for, the Pomeranian can live from anywhere from 12 to 16 years of age (some even longer!). This means that they have one of the longest lifespans out of all dog breeds. A healthy, wholesome diet, daily exercise, and regular veterinary check-ups are a must. As they are prone to health complications and these are much easier to treat when caught early.
04. Who’s The Boss, Again?
Obviously, it would be super easy to pamper and spoil these little cuties to their heart’s content (and it is doubtful that anyone would blame you, how do you say no to that face!?). However, you have to, for the good of everyone. Poms are the type of dog that will take a mile when only being offered an inch. If you let them, they will run the household, and once they believe that they are the boss it can take a lot of work to convince them otherwise. Set boundaries early on and stick with them.
03. Seven Pounds Of Dynamite
If you are looking for a calm, laid back dog that likes to sit pretty, then…the Pomeranian is not for you. They have spunk and sass, plus plenty of energy to spare. They can also be quite vocal. They are not afraid to bark, which is great for protecting the homefront, but can quickly become out of hand if not kept in check. Teaching your dog to stop barking on command (the younger the better) will save you the headache -literally- at a later date.
02. Two Pomeranians Together Are Called A Puff
Is there absolutely anything in the world cuter than that? When you have two Pomeranians, you have a puff, although, with three or more, it would be called a tuft. Whatever the ‘correct term’, a home full of Poms should be called ‘Heaven’.
01. They Make Great Fur-Ever Friends
Many seek out the Pomeranian due to their unique and adorable appearance (and who could blame them?). However, under all that fur is the most loving, sweet, and faithful canines that you will ever have the pleasure of meeting. They are well-known for being one of the cutest dogs in the universe, but they also make the best doggy soulmates. Show him love and you’ll have a loyal companion for life.
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